Yini umhloli wegumbi?

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Umhloli weGemstone

Awukho umhloli onamagatsha oyigugu othembekayo. Kukhona inqwaba yamamodeli, kodwa empeleni yibahloli bokuqina, okungaqinisekisi ubuqiniso betshe.
Ngeshwa, lokhu kungenye yamathuluzi amaningi asetshenziselwa abathengisi begugu.

Uma ubheka isithombe uzobona umbusi enezinombolo eziqala ukusuka kwesobunxele kuya kwesokudla yi-1, 2, 3, 4, 5 ....

Ama-LED avuleka uma uthinta ubuso betshe. Ungabona inombolo ehambisana nobunzima betshe.
Lolu lwazi luqondile. Lesi yisilinganiso sobukhuni, esibizwa nangokuthi i-Mohs scale

Izibonelo zobunzima obukhulu be-Mohs

I-1 - Talc
2 - Gypsum
I-3 - I-Calcite
4 - Fluorite
I-5 - i-Apatite
I-6 - i-Feldspar Orthoclase
7 - Quartz
I-8 - I-Topaz
9 - Corundum
10 - Diamond

Isikali se-Mohs sobunzima be-amaminerali sisekelwe ekutheni isampula esisodwa se-amaminerali sinamandla. Amasampula endala asetshenziswa yi-Mohs onke amaminerali ahlukene. Amaminerali atholakalayo emvelweni angama-solids ahlanzekile ngamakhemikhali. Kanti futhi amaminerali owodwa noma amaningi enza amatshe. Njengemithi eyaziwa kakhulu ngokwemvelo, lapho i-Mohs idala isikali, amadayimane angaphezulu kwesilinganiso. Ubukhuni bezinto ezibonakalayo bulinganiswa nesilinganiso ngokuthola izinto ezinzima kunawo wonke etsheni, qhathanisa nezinto ezilula kakhulu ngokukhipha indaba. Isibonelo, uma impahla ethile ingabonwa yi-apatite kodwa hhayi nge-fluorite, ubunzima bayo kumkhawulo we-Mohs kuzowela phakathi kwe-4 ne-5.

Ubunzima betshe bubangelwa ukwakhiwa kwamakhemikhali

Njengoba itshe lokufakelwa ngamatshe linamakhemikhali afanayo njengetshe lemvelo, leli thuluzi lizokukhombisa kahle umphumela ofanayo wetshe lemvelo noma yokwenziwa.

Ngakho-ke, i-diamond yemvelo noma yokwenziwa izokubonisa i-10. I-ruby yemvelo noma yokwenziwa izokubonisa i-9. Okufanayo for sapphire yemvelo noma yokwenziwa: 9. Futhi i-quartz yemvelo noma yokwenziwa: 7 ...

Uma unesithakazelo kulesi sihloko, ufuna ukuhamba kusukela kumqondo wokuzijwayeza, sinikeza izifundo ze-gemology.

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iphutha: Okuqukethwe evikelwe !!