IHope Diamond iyi-45.52 carat diamond eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka. Idayimane eliluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka elikhulu kunawo wonke ake atholwa kuze kube manje. Ithemba is the name of the family who owned it from 1824. It is a diamond recut from the “IBleu de France“. The crown stolen in 1792. It was mined in India. The Hope Diamond has the reputation of being a cursed diamond, since some of its successive owners have known a troubled, even tragic end. Today it is among the exhibits in the National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C, United States.
Ithemba Diamond intengo emlandweni | Ithemba Diamond isiqalekiso | Ngiyethemba idayimane elifanele
Ibhekwa njengedayimane yohlobo IIb.
The diamond has been compared in size and shape to a pigeon egg, walnut, which is “pear shaped.” The dimensions in terms of length, width, and depth are 25.60 mm × 21.78 mm × 12.00 mm (1 in × 7/8 in × 15/32 in).
It has been described as being fancy dark greyish-blue” as well as being “dark blue in color” or having a “steely-blue” color.
Itshe libonisa uhlobo lokukhanya okukhanyayo ngokugqamile futhi olunemibala egqamile: ngemuva kokuchayeka ekukhanyeni kwe-ultraviolet yama-short-wave, idayimane likhiqiza i-phosphorescence ebomvu ekhazimulayo eqhubeka isikhashana ngemuva kokuthi umthombo wokukhanya ucishiwe, futhi le mfanelo engajwayelekile kungenzeka isizile kubhebhethekisa isithunzi salo sokuqalekiswa.
Ukusikwa kungumbala we-antique brilliant onebhande elihlangene kanye nezinye izici kutende.
The diamond was brought back to France by the traveler Jean-Baptiste Tavernier, who sold it to King Louis XIV. The legend of the diamond, regularly relaunched, has it that the stone was stolen from a statue of the goddess Sitâ. But a completely different story could be traced in 2007 by François Farges of the Muséum national d’histoire naturelle in Paris: the diamond was bought by Tavernier, in the huge diamond market in Golconde, when he went to India under the Mughal Empire. Researchers from the Natural History Museum have also discovered the site of the mine where the diamond is believed to originate and which is located in the north of present-day Andhra Pradesh. The second hypothesis on the origin of the diamond is even proven by the Mughal archives of Hyderabad. Several rumors want the Hope diamond to be cursed and kill those who come into its possession: Tavernier would have ended up devoured by wild beasts, after being ruined, when in reality he simply died of old age in Moscow, at 84 . Louis XIV had the gem cut, which went from 112.5 to 67.5 carats, and called the diamond obtained “Violet de France” (in English: French Blue, hence the deformation of the current name).
NgoSepthemba 1792, idayimane labiwa endaweni yokugcina impahla yasekhaya ngesikhathi kwebiwa amagugu omqhele waseFrance. Idayimane namasela alo bashiya iFrance baya eNgilandi. Itshe lalibuyiswa lapho ukuze lithengiswe kalula futhi umkhondo walo ulahlekile kuze kube ngu-1812, iminyaka engamashumi amabili kanye nezinsuku ezimbili ngemuva kokwebiwa, isikhathi esanele sokuba kunqunywe.
Around 1824, the stone, which had already been cut by the merchant and receiver Daniel Eliason, was sold to Thomas Hope, banker in London, member of a wealthy line who owned the Hope & Co. bank, and who died in 1831. La stone is the subject of life insurance underwritten by his younger brother, himself a gem collector, Henry Philip Hope, and is carried by Thomas’ widow, Louisa de la Poer Beresford. Remaining in the hands of the Hope, the diamond now takes their name and appears in the inventory of Henry Philip after his death (without descendants) in 1839.
Thomas Hope’s eldest son, Henry Thomas Hope (1807-1862), inherited it: the stone was exhibited in London in 1851 during the Great Exhibition, then in Paris, during the exhibition of 1855. In 1861, his adopted daughter Henrietta , sole heiress, marries a certain Henry Pelham-Clinton (1834-1879) already the father of a boy: but Henrietta fears that her stepson will squander the family fortune, so she forms a “trustee” and transmits the pierre to his own grandson, Henry Francis Hope Pelham-Clinton (1866-1941). He inherited it in 1887 in the form of life insurance; he can thus separate himself from the stone only with the authorization of the court and the board of trustee. Henry Francis lives beyond his means and partly causes the bankruptcy of his family in 1897. His wife, actress May Yohé (in), provides for their needs alone. By the time the court cleared her to sell the stone to help pay off her debts, in 1901, May left with another man for the United States. Henry Francis Hope Pelham-Clinton resells the stone in 1902 to London jeweler Adolphe Weil, who resells it to American broker Simon Frankel for $ 250,000.
Abanikazi abalandelanayo beThemba ngekhulu lamashumi amabili nguPierre Cartier, indodana ka-jeweler odumile u-Alfred Cartier (kusuka ngo-1910 kuya ku-1911) oyithengisela u-Evalyn Walsh McLean ngamadola angama-300,000. Yayiphethwe kusuka ngo-1911 kwaze kwaba sekufeni kwakhe ngo-1947, yadlulela kuHarry Winston ngo-1949, owanikela ngayo ku Isikhungo seSmith eWashington ngo-1958. Ukuze kwenziwe ukuthuthwa kwetshe liqaphele futhi liphephe ngangokunokwenzeka, uWinston ulithumela eSmithsonian ngeposi, ephaseleni elincane elisongwe ngephepha le-kraft. Ihlala idayimane elikhulu kunawo wonke aluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka elake latholakala kuze kube manje, idayimane lisabonakala esikhungweni esidumile, lapho lisizakala khona egumbini eligodliwe: liyinto yesibili yobuciko ehlonishwa kakhulu emhlabeni (izivakashi zaminyaka yonke eziyizigidi eziyisithupha) ngemuva kweMona Lisa iLouvre (izivakashi eziyizigidi eziyisishiyagalombili ngonyaka).
Imibuzo Evame Ukubuzwa
Ngabe iThemba leDayimane liqalekisiwe?
The diamond yahlala nomndeni wasebukhosini baseFrance yaze yantshontshwa ngo-1792 ngesikhathi seFrance Revolution. ULouis XIV noMarie Antoinette, abanqunywa amakhanda, bavame ukubalulwa njengezisulu ze- isiqalekiso. The Ithemba idayimane idume kakhulu athuke idayimane emhlabeni, kepha kungenye yeziningi.
Ngubani manje ongumnikazi weThemba Diamond?
ISmithsonian Institution kanye nabantu baseMelika. ISmithsonian Institution, eyaziwa nangokuthi iSmithsonian, iyiqembu leminyuziyamu nezikhungo zocwaningo ezilawulwa nguhulumeni wase-United States.
Ingabe i-Hope Diamond yayikuTitanic?
The Heart of the Ocean in the Titanic film isn’t a real piece of jewellery, but is hugely popular nonetheless. The jewellery is however based on a real diamond, the 45.52 carat Hope Diamond.
Ingabe iThemba Diamond liyisafire?
IDayimane leThemba aliyona isafire kodwa yidayimane eliluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka elikhulu kunawo wonke.
Ngabe iThemba Diamond ekhonjiswa ngeqiniso?
Yes it is. The real Hope Diamond is part of the museum’s permanent collection and can be seen at the National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C, United States. In the Harry Winston Gallery, named for the New York jeweler who gifted the diamond to the museum.
Liyini idayimane leThemba namuhla?
IBlue Hope Diamond iyitshe elihle eliluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka elinomlando othakazelisayo. Kulezi zinsuku, leli dayimane linesisindo esingu-45,52 carat futhi libiza u- $ 250 million dollars.
|Ithemba lentengo yedayimane ngo-1653||UJean-Baptiste Tavernier||Izincwadi ze-450000|
|Ithemba lentengo yedayimane ngo-1901||U-Adolph Weil, umthengisi oyigugu waseLondon||$ 148,000|
|Ithemba lentengo yedayimane ngo-1911||U-Edward Beale McLean no-Evalyn Walsh McLean||$ 180,000|
|Ithemba lentengo yedayimane ngo-1958||ISmithsonian Museum||$ 200- $ 250 million|
Ngabe ukhona owake wazama ukweba iThemba Diamond?
NgoSepthemba 11, 1792, iHope Diamond yantshontshwa endlini eyayigcina amagugu omqhele. Idayimane namasela alo bashiya iFrance baya eNgilandi. Itshe lalibuyiswa lapho ukuze lithengiswe kalula futhi umkhondo walo walahleka kwaze kwaba ngo-1812
Ngabe kukhona iwele kuThe Hope Diamond?
Ithuba lokuthi idayimane laseBrunswick Blue nelikaPirie lingase libe ngamatshe odadewabo kuThemba bekungumqondo othile ngothando kodwa akulona iqiniso.
Kungani idayimane leThemba libiza kangaka?
Umbala oyingqayizivele oluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka wedayimane leThemba yisona sizathu esikhulu esenza abantu abaningi bakholelwe ukuthi aligugu. Amadayimane angenambala ngempela, empeleni, awavamile futhi aphumula ekugcineni komunye umbala wombala. Komunye umkhawulo wawo kungamadayimane aphuzi.
Ngabe iThe Hope Diamond yidayimane elikhulu kunawo wonke emhlabeni?
Iyidayimane eliluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka elikhulu kunawo wonke emhlabeni. Kepha iGolden Jubilee Diamond, idayimane elingu-545.67 carat brown, yidayimane elikhulukazi nelisikiwe emhlabeni.