themba idayimane

Ithemba ledayimane

IHope Diamond iyi-45.52 carat diamond eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka. Idayimane eliluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka elikhulu kunawo wonke ake atholwa kuze kube manje. Ithemba yigama lomndeni okwakungowakhe kusukela ngo-1824. Kungumbhalo wedayimane ovela ku- "IBleu de France“. Umqhele webiwe ngo-1792. Wagengwa eNdiya.

IHope Diamond idume ngokuba yidayimane eliqalekisiwe, ngoba abanye babanikazi bayo abalandelanayo bazi isiphetho esinezinkinga, futhi esibuhlungu. Namuhla iphakathi kwemibukiso eseNational Museum of Natural History eWashington, DC, e-United States.
Ithemba Diamond intengo emlandweni | Ithemba Diamond isiqalekiso | Ngiyethemba idayimane elifanele

Ibhekwa njengedayimane yohlobo IIb.

Idayimane liye lafaniswa ngosayizi nangokuma kwalo neqanda lejuba, i-walnut, “elibunjwe njengepheya.” Ubukhulu ngokuya ngobude, ububanzi, nokujula ngama-25.60 mm × 21.78 mm × 12.00 mm (1 in × 7/8 in × 15/32 in).

Iye yachazwa njengombala omnyama onsomi ompunga ngokuluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka ”kanye nokuba“ nombala oluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka omnyama ”noma ukuba nombala“ oluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka ”.

Itshe libonisa uhlobo lokukhanya okukhanyayo ngokugqamile futhi olunemibala egqamile: ngemuva kokuchayeka ekukhanyeni kwe-ultraviolet yama-short-wave, idayimane likhiqiza i-phosphorescence ebomvu ekhazimulayo eqhubeka isikhashana ngemuva kokuthi umthombo wokukhanya ucishiwe, futhi le mfanelo engajwayelekile kungenzeka isizile kubhebhethekisa isithunzi salo sokuqalekiswa.

Ukucaca yi-VS1.

Ukusikwa kungumbala we-antique brilliant onebhande elihlangene kanye nezinye izici kutende.

Umlando

Isikhathi saseFrance

Idayimane labuyiselwa eFrance ngumhambi uJean-Baptiste Tavernier, owalithengisela iKing Louis XIV. Inganekwane yedayimane, evulwa kabusha njalo, ithi itshe labiwa emfanekisweni kankulunkulukazi uSitâ. Kodwa indaba ehluke ngokuphelele ingalandelwa ngo-2007 nguFrançois Farges waseMuséum national d'histoire naturelle eParis:

idayimane lathengwa nguTavernier, emakethe enkulu yedayimane eGolconde, ngenkathi eya eNdiya ngaphansi koMbuso kaMughal. Abaphenyi baseNatural History Museum nabo bathole indawo okukhona kuyo imayini lapho kukholakala ukuthi idayimane litholakala khona futhi elisenyakatho ne-Andhra Pradesh yanamuhla. Umbono wesibili ngemvelaphi yedayimane ufakazelwa nayizinqolobane zokugcina umlando zikaMughal zaseHyderabad.

Amahemuhemu amaningana afuna ukuthi idayimane leThemba liqalekiswe futhi libulale labo abangena kulo: ITavernier ngabe yagcina idliwe yizilwane zasendle, ngemuva kokonakaliswa, lapho empeleni yavele yafa ngenxa yokuguga eMoscow, eneminyaka engama-84. ULouis XIV wanqunywa itshe eliyigugu, elisuka ku-112.5 laya kuma-carats angama-67.5, futhi labiza idayimane ukuthi lathola i- “Violet de France” (ngesiNgisi: French Blue, yingakho kwasuswa igama elikhona manje).

NgoSepthemba 1792, idayimane labiwa endaweni yokugcina impahla yasekhaya ngesikhathi kwebiwa amagugu omqhele waseFrance. Idayimane namasela alo bashiya iFrance baya eNgilandi. Itshe lalibuyiswa lapho ukuze lithengiswe kalula futhi umkhondo walo ulahlekile kuze kube ngu-1812, iminyaka engamashumi amabili kanye nezinsuku ezimbili ngemuva kokwebiwa, isikhathi esanele sokuba kunqunywe.

Isikhathi saseBrithani

Cishe ngonyaka we-1824, itshe, elalivele lisikwe ngumthengisi nomamukeli uDaniel Eliason, lathengiselwa uThomas Hope, osebenza ebhange eLondon, owayeyilungu lomugqa ocebile owayengumnikazi webhange iThemba & Co., futhi owashona ngo-1831.

ILa stone yindaba yomshuwalense wokuphila obhalwe ngumfowabo omncane, naye uqobo owayengumqoqi wamagugu, uHenry Philip Hope, futhi uthwalwa ngumfelokazi kaThomas, uLouisa de la Poer Beresford. Ukuhlala ezandleni zeThemba, idayimane manje lithatha igama labo futhi liyavela ohlwini lukaHenry Philip ngemuva kokufa kwakhe (ngaphandle kwenzalo) ngo-1839.

Indodana endala kaThomas Hope, uHenry Thomas Hope (1807-1862), wayizuza njengefa: itshe laboniswa eLondon ngo-1851 ngesikhathi seGreat Exhibition, bese kuba seParis, ngesikhathi sombukiso wango-1855. Ngo-1861, indodakazi yakhe yokutholwa uHenrietta, yedwa oyindlalifa , ushada noHenry Pelham-Clinton othile (1834-1879) osevele engubaba womfana:

Kodwa uHenrietta unovalo lokuthi indodana yakhe azoyidla ingcebo yomndeni, ngakho-ke wakha “umphatheli” bese edlulisela isigaxa kumzukulu wakhe, uHenry Francis Hope Pelham-Clinton (1866-1941). Walithola ngo-1887 ngendlela yomshwalense wokuphila.

Ngakho-ke angazihlukanisa netshe kuphela ngokugunyazwa kwenkantolo kanye nebhodi labaphathiswa. UHenry Francis uphila ngaphezu kwamandla akhe futhi ngokwengxenye ubangela ukuqothuka komndeni wakhe ngonyaka we-1897. Unkosikazi wakhe, umlingisi uMay Yohé (e), unakekela izidingo zabo eyedwa.

Ngesikhathi inkantolo imsusa ukuthi athengise itshe ukusiza ukukhokha izikweletu zakhe, ngo-1901, uMay wahamba nenye indoda baya e-United States. UHenry Francis Hope Pelham-Clinton ulithengisa kabusha itshe ngo-1902 ebhekisa kumatshe ayigugu aseLondon u-Adolphe Weil, oliphinda alithengisele umthengisi waseMelika uSimon Frankel ngo- $ 250,000.

Isikhathi saseMelika

Abanikazi abalandelanayo beThemba ngekhulu lamashumi amabili nguPierre Cartier, indodana ka-jeweler odumile u-Alfred Cartier (kusuka ngo-1910 kuya ku-1911) oyithengisela u-Evalyn Walsh McLean ngamadola angama-300,000. Yayiphethwe kusuka ngo-1911 kwaze kwaba sekufeni kwakhe ngo-1947, yadlulela kuHarry Winston ngo-1949, owanikela ngayo ku Isikhungo seSmith eWashington ngo-1958.

Ukuze kwenziwe ukuthuthwa kwetshe liqaphele futhi liphephe ngangokunokwenzeka, uWinston ulithumela eSmithsonian ngeposi, ephaseleni elincane elisongwe ngephepha le-kraft.

Ihlala idayimane elikhulu kunawo wonke aluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka elake latholakala kuze kube manje, idayimane lisabonakala esikhungweni esidumile, lapho lisizakala khona egumbini eligodliwe: liyinto yesibili yobuciko ehlonishwa kakhulu emhlabeni (izivakashi zaminyaka yonke eziyizigidi eziyisithupha) ngemuva kweMona Lisa iLouvre (izivakashi eziyizigidi eziyisishiyagalombili ngonyaka).

Imibuzo Evame Ukubuzwa

Ngabe iThemba leDayimane liqalekisiwe?

The diamond yahlala nomndeni wasebukhosini baseFrance yaze yantshontshwa ngo-1792 ngesikhathi seFrance Revolution. ULouis XIV noMarie Antoinette, abanqunywa amakhanda, bavame ukubalulwa njengezisulu ze- isiqalekiso. The Ithemba idayimane idume kakhulu athuke idayimane emhlabeni, kepha kungenye yeziningi.

Ngubani manje ongumnikazi weThemba Diamond?

ISmithsonian Institution kanye nabantu baseMelika. ISmithsonian Institution, eyaziwa nangokuthi iSmithsonian, iyiqembu leminyuziyamu nezikhungo zocwaningo ezilawulwa nguhulumeni wase-United States.

Ingabe i-Hope Diamond yayikuTitanic?

INhliziyo Yasolwandle kwifilimu yeTitanic ayisiyo ubucwebe bangempela, kepha ithandwa kakhulu. Ubucwebe nokho bususelwa kudayimane langempela, i-45.52 carat iThemba Diamond.

Ingabe iThemba Diamond liyisafire?

IDayimane leThemba aliyona isafire kodwa yidayimane eliluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka elikhulu kunawo wonke.

Ngabe iThemba Diamond ekhonjiswa ngeqiniso?

Yebo kunjalo. I-Real Hope Diamond iyingxenye yeqoqo laphakade lemnyuziyamu futhi liyabonakala eNational Museum of Natural History eWashington, DC, e-United States. EHarry Winston Gallery, ebizwa nge-jeweler yaseNew York enikeze idayimane emnyuziyamu.

Liyini idayimane leThemba namuhla?

IBlue Hope Diamond iyitshe elihle eliluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka elinomlando othakazelisayo. Kulezi zinsuku, leli dayimane linesisindo esingu-45,52 carat futhi libiza u- $ 250 million dollars.

Usuku Umnikazi Value
Ithemba lentengo yedayimane ngo-1653 UJean-Baptiste Tavernier Izincwadi ze-450000
Ithemba lentengo yedayimane ngo-1901 U-Adolph Weil, umthengisi oyigugu waseLondon $ 148,000
Ithemba lentengo yedayimane ngo-1911 U-Edward Beale McLean no-Evalyn Walsh McLean $ 180,000
Ithemba lentengo yedayimane ngo-1958 ISmithsonian Museum $ 200- $ 250 million

Ngabe ukhona owake wazama ukweba iThemba Diamond?

NgoSepthemba 11, 1792, iHope Diamond yantshontshwa endlini eyayigcina amagugu omqhele. Idayimane namasela alo bashiya iFrance baya eNgilandi. Itshe lalibuyiswa lapho ukuze lithengiswe kalula futhi umkhondo walo walahleka kwaze kwaba ngo-1812

Ngabe kukhona iwele kuThe Hope Diamond?

Ithuba lokuthi idayimane laseBrunswick Blue nelikaPirie lingase libe ngamatshe odadewabo kuThemba bekungumqondo othile ngothando kodwa akulona iqiniso.

Kungani idayimane leThemba libiza kangaka?

Umbala oyingqayizivele oluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka wedayimane leThemba yisona sizathu esikhulu esenza abantu abaningi bakholelwe ukuthi aligugu. Amadayimane angenambala ngempela, empeleni, awavamile futhi aphumula ekugcineni komunye umbala wombala. Komunye umkhawulo wawo kungamadayimane aphuzi.

Ngabe iThe Hope Diamond yidayimane elikhulu kunawo wonke emhlabeni?

Iyidayimane eliluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka elikhulu kunawo wonke emhlabeni. Kodwa iGolden Jubilee Diamond, idayimane elingu-545.67 carat brown, yidayimane elikhulukazi nelisikiwe emhlabeni.

Idayimane lemvelo liyathengiswa esitolo sethu segem

Senza ubucwebe ngokwezifiso nge-champagne diamond njengendandatho, amacici e-stud, isongo, umgexo noma umhlobiso. Idayimane leChampagne livame ukusethelwa kuroses wegolide njengamasongo wokuzibandakanya noma iringi yomshado… Ngiyacela Xhumana nathi kwesilinganiso.