Ziyini ama-birthstone?

Siyakutshela ukuthi konke mayelana namatshe okuzalwa akuyona isayensi. Ngakho-ke sishiya insimu yesayensi yezemvelo.
Abantu abaningi banesithakazelo kule ndaba, ngakho-ke imiphumela yocwaningo lwethu ukunikeza incazelo enembile kakhulu yamatshe okuzalwa.

Amatshe okuzalwa | January | February | March | Ephreli | Kwangathi | June | July | August | September | October | November | December

amatshe okuzalwa

Itshe lokuzalwa liyigugu elimelela inyanga yokuzalwa yomuntu.

Isiko lase-Western

Isazi-mlando esingumJuda sekhulu lokuqala uJosephus sasikholelwa ukuthi kunokuxhumana phakathi kwamatshe ayishumi nambili asembatho sesifuba sika-Aaron. Ukukhombisa izizwe zakwa-Israyeli, njengoba kuchaziwe eNcwadini kaEksodusi. Izinyanga eziyishumi nambili zonyaka, kanye nezimpawu eziyishumi nambili ze- i-zodiac.

Ukuhumusha nokuhumusha kwendima eku-Eksodusi maqondana nesivikelo sesifuba kuye kwehluka kakhulu. UJosephus uqobo unikeza izinhlu ezimbili ezihlukene zamatshe ayishumi nambili. UGeorge Kunz uthi uJosephus wabona isivikelo sesifuba seThempeli Lesibili, hhayi lelo elichazwe kuEksodusi. USt. Jerome, ebhekisa kuJosephus, uthe iSisekelo Stones seNew Jerusalem sizolungela ukuthi amaKrestu asisebenzise.

Ngekhulu lesishiyagalombili nelesishiyagalolunye, kwabhalwa imibhalo yenkolo yokuhlanganisa itshe elithile nomphostoli, ukuze “igama labo libhalwe eStones Stones, nobuhle bakhe.” Ukuzijwayeza kwaba ukugcina amatshe ayishumi nambili futhi ugqoke elilodwa ngenyanga.

Isiko lokugqoka itshe lokuzalwa elilodwa kuphela emakhulwini eminyaka ubudala, yize iziphathimandla zesimanje zingafani ngezinsuku. I-Kunz ibeka isiko ngekhulu leshumi nesishiyagalombili lePoland, kuyilapho iGemological Institute of America iliqala eJalimane ngawo-1560s.

Izinhla zamanje zamatshe okuzalwa azihlangene kakhulu nesivikelo sesifuba noma iSisekelo Stones of Christianity. Ukunambitheka, amasiko kanye nokuhumusha okudidayo kukuqhelanise nomsuka wazo ongokomlando, omunye umbhali ebiza uhlu lwaseKansas lwango-1912 “ngaphandle kokuthengisa okungenasisekelo.”

Amatshe okuzalwa ajwayelekile

Amatshe okuzalwa ajwayelekile yendabuko ama-birth based stone-based. Ithebula elingezansi liqukethe namatshe amaningi okukhetha okuthandwayo, evame ukukhombisa isiko lesiPolish.

Kunezinkondlo ezihambelana nenyanga ngayinye yekhalenda likaGregory netshe lokuzalwa. Lawa ngamatshe endabuko emiphakathi ekhuluma isiNgisi. UTiffany & Co. ushicilele lezi zinkondlo okokuqala ngqa epheshaneni ngo-1870.

Amatshe azalwa namuhla

Ku-1912, ngomzamo wokumisa amatshe okuzalwa, i-American National Association of Jewelers, manje ebizwa ngokuthi iJewelers of America, yahlangana eKansas futhi yamukela ngokusemthethweni uhlu. I-Jewelry Industry Council of America ivuselele uhlu ku-1952 ngokungeza i-Alexandrite ngoJuni, citrine ngoNovemba no-pink tourmaline ka-Okthoba.

Bafake nezikhala zikaDisemba ngo zircon futhi ushintshe amatshe ayinhloko / okunye ngoMashi. I-American Gem Trade Association nayo yanezela Tanzanite njengelitshe lokuzalwa likaDisemba ku-2002. Ku-2016, i-American Gem Trade Association kanye neJowellers of America yanezela spinel njengetshe lokuzalwa elengeziwe ngo-Agasti.

I-National Association of Goldsmiths yaseBrithani nayo yazenzela uhlu lwayo olujwayelekile lwamatshe okuzalwa ngo-1937.

Amasiko aseMpumalanga

Amasiko aseMpumalanga abona uhla olufanayo lwamatshe ayigugu ahlobene nokuzalwa, kepha kunokuba ahlanganise itshe eliyigugu nenyanga yokuzalwa, amatshe ayigugu ahlotshaniswa nezindikimba zasezulwini, futhi ukubhula ngezinkanyezi kusetshenziselwa ukunquma amatshe amatshe ahlobene kakhulu futhi azuzise umuntu othile.

Isibonelo, kubuHindu kunamatshe ayigugu ayisishiyagalolunye eNavagraha. Amandla asezulwini afaka amaplanethi, futhi ilanga, nenyanga, okwaziwa ngesiSanskrit njengeNavaratna (amagugu ayisishiyagalolunye).

Lapho kuzalwa, kubalwa ishadi lezinkanyezi. Kunconywa amatshe athile ukuthi agqokwe emzimbeni ukuvikela izinkinga ezingaba khona. Ngokuya ngendawo yale mibutho esibhakabhakeni endaweni ngqo nesikhathi sokuzalwa.

Amatshe okuzalwa ngamasiko

Inyanga Ikhulu le-15 - lama-20 I-US (1912) I-US (2016) IBrithani (2013)
January garnet garnet garnet garnet
February amethiste, i-hyacinth,
iparele
amethiste amethiste amethiste
March i-bloodstone, ijaspi i-bloodstone,
aquamarine
aquamarine,
i-bloodstone
aquamarine,
i-bloodstone
Ephreli idayimani, lesafire diamond diamond idayimani, rock crystal
Kwangathi Emeraldagathe Emerald Emerald Emeraldyikrisoprasi
June iso lekati,
oluluhlazaagathe
ipareleI-moonstone ipareleI-moonstone,
i-alexandrite
ipareleI-moonstone
July oluluhlazaamatshe e-onikisi ruby ruby i-ruby, carnelian
August sardonyxcarnelian, moonstone, itopazi sardonyxperidot peridotspinel peridotsardonyx
September i-chrysolite lesafire lesafire lesafirei-lapis lazuli
October Itshe Eliyiguguaquamarine Itshe Eliyigugutourmaline Itshe Eliyigugutourmaline Itshe Eliyigugu
November itopaziiparele itopazi itopazicitrine itopazicitrine
December itshe legazi, iruby oluluhlazai-lapis lazuli oluluhlazazircon,
Tanzanite
Tanzaniteoluluhlaza