Ingabe amatshe amatshe amaminerali?

Ingabe amatshe amatshe amaminerali?

I-minerals iyinhlanganisela yemvelo yamakhemikhali ngokwemvelo, ngokuvamile ifomu le-crystalline futhi ayikwenziwa yizinqubo zokuphila. I-minerals inezinhlobo ezithile ezakhiwa ngamakhemikhali, kanti idwala lingaba yizimboni ezihlukahlukene. Isayensi yamaminerali i-mineralogy.

Amatshe ayigugu amaningi amaminerali

Amaminerali anezakhiwo ezahlukahlukene zomzimba. Incazelo yabo isendleleni yokwakheka kwamakhemikhali nokwakheka kwabo. Izici ezijwayelekile ezihlukanisayo zifaka ukwakheka kwekristalu kanye nomkhuba, nobulukhuni, ubukhazikhazi, ukungafani, umbala, i-streak, ukuqina, ukuqhekeka, ukuphuka, ukuhlukana, amandla adonsela phansi, uzibuthe, ukunambitha noma ukuhogela, i-radioactivity, kanye nokuphendula ku-asidi.

Isibonelo samatshe agugu amaminerali: i-Quartz, i-diamond, i-corrundum, i-beryl, ...

namatshe ayigugu zokwenziwa

Kubalulekile ukuhlukanisa phakathi kwamatshe okugcoba, kanye namagugu afanayo.

Amagugu okwenziwa afana ncamashi nalawo amakhemikhali afana netshe lemvelo, kodwa enziwa efektri. Kumaket wezohwebo, abathengisi bamatshe ayigugu basebenzisa kaningi igama elithi "ilebhu elenziwe". Kwenza itshe lokwenziwa lithengiswe kakhulu kune "factory eyenziwe".

Isibonelo samatshe amatshe asebenzayo: Synthetic corrundum, idayimani yokwenziwa, i-quartz yokwenziwa, ...

Amatshe ayigugu okufakelwa

Izibonelo zamatshe okwenziwa zifaka i-cubic zirconia, eyakhiwe nge-zirconium oxide kanye ne-moissanite eyenziwe, okuyizimpawu zombili zamatshe ayigugu. Ukulingisa kukopisha ukubukeka nombala wetshe langempela kepha akunazici zamakhemikhali noma zomzimba. I-Moissanite empeleni inenkomba ephakeme yokubuyisa kunedayimane futhi uma yethulwa eceleni kwedayimane elilinganayo nelisikiwe ngokulingana lizoba "nomlilo" omkhulu kunedayimane.

Rocks

Idwala liyisidalwa semvelo, isamba esiqinile samaminerali owodwa noma ngaphezulu noma ama-mineraloids. Isibonelo, i-Lapis lazuli iyidwala elimhlophe eliyisibhakabhaka se-metamorphic. Ukwahlukaniswa kwalo ngamatshe ayigugu. Ingxenye ebaluleke kakhulu yamaminerali ye-lapis lazuli yi-lazurite (25% kuya ku-40%), i-feldspathoid silicate mineral.

Amatshe agugu e-Organic

Kunezinto eziningi zokwakha ezisetshenziswa njengamagugu, kufaka phakathi:
Amber, Ammolite, Bone, Copal, Coral, Ivory, Jet, Nacre, Operculum, Pearl, i-Petoskey itshe

Mineraloids

I-mineraloid iyinsimbi efana nezamaminerali engabonisi ubuchopho. I-Mineraloids inamakhemikhali amakhemikhali ehlukahluka ngaphezu kwezingqimba ezivunyelwe ngokuvamile zamaminerali athile. Isibonelo, i-obsidian ingilazi yama-amorphous hhayi i-crystal. I-Jet itholakala ekukhuni ngokhuni ngaphansi kokucindezelwa okukhulu. I-Opal ingenye i-mineraloid ngenxa yemvelo yayo engeyona i-crystalline.

I-mineraloids eyenziwe ngabantu

Ingilazi eyenziwe ngabantu, ipulasitiki, ...

iphutha: Okuqukethwe evikelwe !!