Ingabe amatshe amatshe amaminerali?

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Ingabe amatshe amatshe amaminerali?

I-minerals iyinhlanganisela yemvelo yamakhemikhali ngokwemvelo, ngokuvamile ifomu le-crystalline futhi ayikwenziwa yizinqubo zokuphila. I-minerals inezinhlobo ezithile ezakhiwa ngamakhemikhali, kanti idwala lingaba yizimboni ezihlukahlukene. Isayensi yamaminerali i-mineralogy.

Amatshe amatshe amaningi amaminerali

Amaminerali anezakhiwo ezihlukahlukene zomzimba. Incazelo yabo igxila ekubunzeni kwamakhemikhali nokubunjwa kwabo. Izici ezijwayelekile ezihlukanisa izici zihlanganisa ukwakhiwa kwe-crystal nomkhuba, nokuqina kanzima, ukusabalalisa, umbala, u-streak, ukuzinza, ukucaca, ukuhlukana, ukuhlukanisa, ukuvuthwa okuqondile, ukukhanya kwamagnetti, ukunambitheka noma iphunga, i-radioactivity, nokusabela ku-asidi.

Isibonelo samatshe agugu amaminerali: i-Quartz, i-diamond, i-corrundum, i-beryl, ...

namatshe ayigugu zokwenziwa

Kubalulekile ukuhlukanisa phakathi kwamatshe okugcoba, kanye namagugu afanayo.

Amagugu ajwayelekile asemzimbeni, optically futhi efana nemithi efana nelitshe lemvelo, kodwa elenziwe kwi-Factory. Esikhathini somsebenzi wokuhweba, abathengisi bamatshe amatshe basebenzisa ngokuvamile igama elithi "ibhodi elenziwe". Yenza itshe lokuhlanganisa lidayiswe kakhulu kunokuthi "ukukhiqizwa kwefrijini".

Isibonelo samatshe amatshe asebenzayo: Synthetic corrundum, idayimani yokwenziwa, i-quartz yokwenziwa, ...

Amatshe ayigugu

Izibonelo zamatshe okufakelwa zihlanganisa i-zirconia ye-cubic, eyakhiwe yi-zirconium oxide kanye ne-moissanite efanelwe, okubili kokubili okuyisimangaliso. Imitations ikhophi ukubukeka nombala wetshe langempela kodwa ayinayo imakhemikhali noma izici zomzimba. I-Moissanite empeleni inezinkomba eziphezulu zokubheka ukudlula idayimane futhi uma isetshenziswe eceleni kwedayimani elinganayo nelinqunyiwe kuyoba "nomlilo" owedlula idayimane.

Rocks

Idwala liyisidalwa semvelo, isamba esiqinile samaminerali owodwa noma ngaphezulu noma ama-mineraloids. Isibonelo, i-Lapis lazuli iyidwala elimhlophe eliyisibhakabhaka se-metamorphic. Ukwahlukaniswa kwalo ngamatshe ayigugu. Ingxenye ebaluleke kakhulu yamaminerali ye-lapis lazuli yi-lazurite (25% kuya ku-40%), i-feldspathoid silicate mineral.

Amatshe agugu e-Organic

Kunezinto eziningi zokwakha ezisetshenziswa njengamagugu, kufaka phakathi:
Amber, Ammolite, Bone, Copal, Coral, Ivory, Jet, Nacre, Operculum, Pearl, i-Petoskey itshe

Mineraloids

I-mineraloid iyinsimbi efana nezamaminerali engabonisi ubuchopho. I-Mineraloids inamakhemikhali amakhemikhali ehlukahluka ngaphezu kwezingqimba ezivunyelwe ngokuvamile zamaminerali athile. Isibonelo, i-obsidian ingilazi yama-amorphous hhayi i-crystal. I-Jet itholakala ekukhuni ngokhuni ngaphansi kokucindezelwa okukhulu. I-Opal ingenye i-mineraloid ngenxa yemvelo yayo engeyona i-crystalline.

I-mineraloids eyenziwe ngabantu

Ingilazi eyenziwe ngabantu, ipulasitiki, ...

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